Actualizado: 30 de abr de 2019
Peru's Sacred Valley of the Incas stretches between Cusco, once the capital of the Inca Empire, and the legendary 15th century city of machu Pucchu. Encompassing what was the fertile lhomeland of the Inca Empire (1438 to 1533), today the trascendent region - also known as the urubamba Valley - is a quiet expanse of country that is steeped in Andean history and Culture.
1. Ollantaytambo town and fortress
The gridded cobblestonned town streets are the product of Inca city planning, datingback to the 1200s. Babbling waterways, branching from the nearby rivers, feed the still-flowing irrigation syste that the Incas designed, their handiwork admired to this day. Ollantaytambo is also where the Incas fought some ot their battles, resisting Spanish conquest from the still intact fortress and staggered terraces rising up araound the town.
2. Pisac town and terraces
Similarly to Ollantaytambo, Pisac - located about 40km southeast of Urubamba - encompasses both a historic town and a striking Inca archaeological site, with a series of steep agricultural terraces and hilltop fortresses visble from the town's centre plaza. Trails lead over and through the terraces tunnels, temples, tombs and ceremonial centre. The Sun Gate, included in many of the Inca's lotted towns, perfectly frames the setting sun during biannual solstices.
3. Maras Salt mines and Moray
Located about 4km southwest of Urubamba. Salinas comprises thousands of salt pans, a patchwork landscape of pinks, tans and browns descending into the valley. Originally constructed by the Incas, to this day Peruvians mine the flats.
Just a few kilometers to the northwest, Moray is another ingenious Inca agricultural construction, though is no longer in use. While it resembles a giant amphiteatre with concentric terraces leading to the ground, it was created for agricultural experimentation. Each level correspond to a different microclimate, which the Incas possibly used to test crops. The deepest centre part was the hottest and the temperature decreased as it moves outward, allowing the Incas to determine which climate was best suited to which crop.
4. Yucay peaceful town
The town of Yucay was built on the former property of Huayna Capac, one of the Inca Kings, he ordered the construction of palaces, platforms and an irrigation system that still exists. The stones with which the terraces were buit were brought from far away areas to improve the production of maize and other crops. Because Yucay town size, it is one of the Sacred Valley small charms and is a great city to visit fot those looking to reach the heart of the people. One of the Sacred Valley's best kept secrets is also located near Yucay. Huayoccari Hacienda is an elegant, converted country manor perched on a ridge overlooking the valley.
5. Vivencial workshop with a rural communitie
Dont forget the oportunity to live an encounteer an inca communitie during your stay in Sacred Valley Peru.